The inscription on the wood, written in Old Mongolian, was translated by Bymbadorj, our museum worker from Ulangoom, as “Cool.”

Artifacts from within the wooden box placed at the top of the mound included (clockwise) a bronze “whistling” arrowhead with a hooked tang (a Chinese coin, not illustrated, also dated to the Ching Dynasty when the Manchu had overrun the Altai Mountains; cowry shells (one whole and one fragment); an inscription on wood; a silver-gilt hollow bead with an unidentifiable repousse design, seed pods (not illustrated), and a carved wooden “wheel,” a copy of a petroglyph incised into a stone outcropping located about one kilometer from Beiram. The petroglyph may be Bronze Age. Lead shot for a rifle and five astragal were also placed in the box.